This is Bonfire-moss (Funaria hygrometrica) which has now come to its end leaving this deep red colour. Rear garden, Staffordshire, England. June 2017.
I know this title is misleading, but that’s how I began this series so I guess I am stuck with it. From below the cotton wool fluffy skirts of the Common Liverwort (Marchantia polymorpha subsp ruderalis) female archegonial heads have now appeared these little lemon coloured egg-shaped pods. They are the mature sporophytes, and they… Read More Tropical Palm Trees In A Plant Pot III
Following on from a previous blog, these female reproductive structures of the Common Liverwort (Marchantia polymorpha subsp ruderalis) are now showing the white cotton candy-like sporophytes beneath the umbrella-like archegonial heads. These are the spore capsules which when released may germinate into new plants. And all this going on in a small plant pot with… Read More Tropical Palm Trees In A Plant Pot II
Not quite 😉 These are the maturing female archegonial heads of the Common Liverwort (Marchantia polymorpha subsp ruderalis). These are for sexual reproduction of the liverwort. To get an idea of the scale of these small umbrella-like growths note the moss growing in the background. I am half expecting to see a famous moustached Italian… Read More Tropical Palm Trees In A Plant Pot
Bonfire-moss (Funaria hygrometrica) I have a small plant pot by my water butt which has some liverwort growing in it last time I looked. This time I looked it had something else growing in it, this rather untidy looking yet delightful moss. Note the long, swan-neck seta.
Wall Screw-moss (Tortula muralis). March 2017, rear garden, Staffordshire. © Pete Hillman 2017.
Kindbergia praelonga, taken March 2017, local wood, Staffordhire, . © Pete Hillman 2017.
Back from the weekly shop and there has been a break in the clouds. Barely packed away and I have my camera in hand. I love seeing how the rain enlivens and refreshes everything, it is just my thing 🙂 An odd title for this post I know, but this patch of green just off… Read More 4×2
This is a cushion moss which grows on a patch of concrete near my driveway. It is called Grey-cushioned Grimmia (Grimmia pulvinata). Note the grey-white hairy tips which gives this moss its name. Image taken February 2017, front drive, Staffordshire. Please click image for better resolution. For further interest please see the previous post ‘Grey-cushioned… Read More Grey-cushioned Grimmia II
In my back garden I have an old sundial which I bought over twenty years ago when I first moved in to my house. Most folk might scrape or scrub off the lichen and moss which grows on it, but I love the effect it gives. It gives it more of a rustic charm, and… Read More Macro Forest
These are all images of the same species of moss growing on my garage roof. In its hydrated form it is fresh and vibrant with its leaves open as in the above image. In these images it is dry to getting hydrated. It is quite amazing to watch how moss instantly gathers water when but… Read More The Wet, The Dry And The New
Intermediate Screw-moss (Syntrichia intermedia) My garage roof has steadily succumbed to a covering of this wonderful moss over the years, which makes it look a lot more interesting than just covered in tiny white shards of gravel. I decide to get the ladders out and have a close look-see, and amidst the open shoots which… Read More Moss On The Roof
Ceratodon purpureus A variable species of moss which form cushions or patches which vary in colouration from yellow to mid-green through red to purplish brown. The reddish-brown capsules are fairly common. It occurs on a wide range of acidic and well-drained substrates. It is frequent in heathland and acidic grassland, on walls and roofs, and… Read More Redshank Moss
Syntrichia ruralis subsp. ruralis This is a bright, golden green moss which forms loose cushions or extensive tufts which are 1-2cm high. The leaves are 4-6mm long, blunt-tipped with a long excurrent silvery hair-like point. When moist the leaves strongly curve away from the stem giving the shoot a star-like appearance. Capsules are rare. Found… Read More Great Hairy Screw-moss
Syntrichia intermedia I have had this moss growing on my garage roof for years, and it has virtually covered all of it. It shrivels up to a brown crisp in very dry weather, and yet as soon as a drop of rain falls it immediately expands like a sponge and greens up. A dull green… Read More Intermediate Screw-moss
Barbula convoluta This is a bright, yellow-green moss which forms cushions or tufts on substrates. The shoots are around 0.5-2cm high and have spreading leaves. The leaves are up to 1.5mm long and have a shortly tapered tip. Capsules are rare, but when they do occur they are usually in abundance. The leaves around the… Read More Lesser Bird’s-claw Beard-moss
Kindbergia praelonga This moss has regularly branched, roughly triangular pinnate shoots 1-2cm long. Robust woodland forms have bi- to tripinnate patterns and are larger. Stem leaves are 1-5mm long, and differ in shape from branch leaves. The stem leaves are triangularly heart-shaped with a fine elongated tp which often turns outwards. Branch leaves are about… Read More Common Feather-moss
Atrichum undulatum Also called ‘Common Smoothcap’, this is a robust and distinctive species of moss. It has dark green, narrow pointed leaves up to 1cm long on stems which can grow up to 7cm long. The leaf margins have paired teeth, and are distinctly undulate when moist, crisp when dry. Spore capsules are 3-4mm long… Read More Catherine’s Moss
Mosses and liverworts are plants which belong to a group called the Bryophytes, which are the oldest land plants on earth and have been around for some 400 million years. Bryophytes’ are tiny plants which are mainly green in colour and are flowerless, and which reproduce by spores and/or by asexual gemmae or tubers. There… Read More About Mosses And Liverworts
Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus This moss forms dense tufts or mats, has distinctive red stems, and the way the shoots bend backwards gives the moss a star-like appearance. Fruiting is very rare. Found on damp grass and banks in woodland, by streams and in marshes, and often in lawns. Common and widespread. Photographs of Springy Turf-moss (Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus)… Read More Springy Turf-moss
Calliergonella cuspidata This is a medium-sized moss which may grow with other bryophytes, or may form patches of green, yellow-green, and occasionally orange-brown. The shoots are up to 3-8cm long or more. The main stem is usually erect with pinnately arranged branches. The leaves are closely rolled-up to form a smooth needle-like point. The stem… Read More Pointed Spear-moss
Cinclidotus fontinaloides I came across this moss on a bank near my local river. Sadly, after some development work to the canal nearby, this has now all been buried. It is a dark green robust moss which branches little, has somewhat of a trailing nature, with 2-15cm long shoots which bear 4mm long leaves that… Read More Smaller Lattice-moss
Lunularia cruciata This pale green liverwort forms large branching thalli up to 12mm wide. It is dotted with tiny air pores and has a shiny surface. It is covered in crescent-shaped cups which contain green, disc-like gemmae (reproductive parts), and is the only thallose liverwort to do so. Capsules are rare. It is often found… Read More Crescent-cup Liverwort
Schistidium crassipilum Thickpoint Grimmia grows in rounded cushions or flat patches 1-3cm high. It usually looks quite hoary due to a hair point at the tip of the leaves. The capsules are largely hidden by the leaves that sheath them, but are reddish-brown, elongate and cylindrical. This moss prefers calcareous walls, and can be found… Read More Thickpoint Grimmia
Photograph of Wall Screw-moss (Tortula muralis), taken September 2016, rear garden , Staffordshire. © Pete Hillman 2016. Camera used Nikon D7200, with Sigma 105mm macro lens.
I have been watching this liverwort grow and spread in a plant pot on my decking with some interest. It also goes by the names of Mountain Liverwort and Star-headed Liverwort, and it is one of the largest thallose liverworts. It spreads and branches across substrates, and in younger plants it is pale or yellowish-green,… Read More Common Liverwort
Grimmia pulvinata Sometimes called ‘Hedgehog Moss’, this moss forms compact cushions 1-2cm high of tiny leaves 3-4mm long which are grey-green and narrow. The pointed, whitish hair-tips of the leaves can sometimes give the moss a silvery appearance, which is a characteristic of the species and is very noticeable in drier weather. The capsules are… Read More Grey-cushioned Grimmia
This is a glimpse into the microcosmic world of lichen, moss and fungi. There is an old willow on the bank of my local river, with large boughs covered in a thick coat of this twisting moss called Cypress-leaved Plait-moss (Hypnum cupressiforme). From across a field you can see the moss clinging to the fissured… Read More Away With The Fairies
Funaria hygrometrica This can be quite an untidy-looking plant, especially when in abundance with long, 3-5cm swan-neck setae. The short 3-10mm green shoots form loose carpets. The egg-shaped leaves vary in size from 2-4mm long, and are translucent. It is a colonist of bare, disturbed ground enriched with nutrients, and is particularly characteristic of old… Read More Bonfire-moss
Dicranoweisia cirrata This small to medium-sized moss forms neat yellow to green cushions up to 3cm high. The erect leaves are quite wavy when moist, and are about 2.5mm long. The leaf margins are narrowly recurved and it gradually tapers to a fine tip. Capsules are common, and are cylindrical and erect. Occurs on trees,… Read More Common Pincushion
Polytrichum formosum A fairly distinctive medium-sized moss with bright green leaves which are 1cm long with a pointed tip which are arranged around the stems in a spiral fashion. Found all year round in deciduous woodland, heaths and moorland. Frequent and widespread throughout. Photographs taken January and March 2014, local wood, Staffordshire.
Tortula muralis This familiar moss forms neat, low spreading cushions and tufts up to 1cm high. It has oval, round-tipped leaves 2-3.5mm long, which end in a fine, silvery hair-like excurrent nerve. The spore capsules are narrow and held upright, borne on 1-2cm long, thin stalks. They are yellow when young and turn reddish-brown as… Read More Wall Screw-moss
Conocephalum conicum A lush green spreading liverwort, where the gametophytic thallus is dichotomously branched, meaning that the shoot apex splits exactly in half during branching producing two equal branches. The liverwort is dioicious, meaning male and female gametes are formed on separate plants. The male structures are in purplish bumps near branch tips. The female… Read More Great Scented Liverwort
Orthotrichum diaphanum I photogrpahed this moss on a railway bridge at the entrance to a nature reserve. The white leaf tips make this moss quite distinctive. It grows in small tufts of narrow, upright shoots up to 1cm high, usually with abundant capsules. The leaves are 2.5-4mm long, and the capsules are 1.5mm long. Ripe… Read More White-tipped Bristle-moss
Orthotrichum lyellii Moist and dry forms of the moss photographed on a nature reserve. Quite a distinctive moss forming small balled tufts on trees, growing up to 4cm tall. It has narrow leaves which carry tiny vegetative propagation structures called gemmea. Fruiting capsules tend to be very rare. Found all year round growing on a… Read More Lyell’s Bristle-moss
Bryum capillare The leaves of this moss are tipped with a fine point. The drooping spore capsules are elongate-ovoid on long stalks. They are green ripening to brown. Height 3cm. It grows in tufts or patches on walls, roofs and paving in urban areas, but also on rocks, woodland rides and grassland in the wild.… Read More Capillary Thread-moss