Wild Flowers

Most of us love our gardens, and find them not only a beautiful space to be a part of, but also a peaceful and relaxing sanctuary. It is a way of being close to nature, and enjoying plants grow and florish, seeing how they change with the seasons. But of course nature has her own garden, full of flowers, wild flowers which grow and florish, and which not only provide a source of food and shelter for a range of birds, mammals, insects and other invertebrates, but an inspirational beauty which can touch the heart.

Family Nymphaeaceae: Water Lilies

White Water-lily Nymphaea alba
White Water-lily
(Nymphaea alba)
Yellow Water-lily Nuphar lutea
Yellow Water-lily
(Nuphar lutea)

Family Papaveraceae: Poppies

Common Poppy (Papaver rhoeas)
Common Poppy
(Papaver rhoeas)
Greater Celandine Chelidonium majus
Greater Celandine
(Chelidonium majus)
Opium Poppy Papaver somniferum
Opium Poppy
(Papaver somniferum)
Yellow Corydalis Pseudofumaria lutea
Yellow Corydalis
(Pseudofumaria lutea)
Welsh Poppy Meconopsis cambrica
Welsh Poppy
(Meconopsis cambrica)

Family Ranunculaceae: Buttercups

Marsh Marigold Caltha palustris
Marsh Marigold
(Caltha palustris)
Celery-leaved Buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus
Celery-leaved Buttercup
(Ranunculus sceleratus)
Wood Anemone Anemone nemorosa
Wood Anemone
(Anemone nemorosa)
Lesser celandine Ficaria verna
Lesser celandine
(Ficaria verna)
Creeping Buttercup (Ranunculus repens) flower
Creeping Buttercup
(Ranunculus repens)
Columbine Aquilegia vulgaris agg.
(Aquilegia vulgaris agg.)

Family Fabaceae: Peas & Beans

Goat’s-rue Galega officinalis
(Galega officinalis)
Common Restharrow Ononis repens
Common Restharrow
(Ononis repens)
Hare’s-foot Clover Trifolium arvense
Hare’s-foot Clover
(Trifolium arvense)
Broad-leaved Everlasting-pea (Lathyrus latifolius)
Broad-leaved Everlasting-pea
(Lathyrus latifolius)
Tufted Vetch Vicia cracca
Tufted Vetch
(Vicia cracca)
White Clover Trifolium repens
White Clover
(Trifolium repens)
Common Bird's-foot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus)
Common Bird’s-foot Trefoil
(Lotus corniculatus)
Tall Melilot Melilotus altissima

Tall Melilot
(Melilotus altissima)

Common Vetch Vicia sativa
Common Vetch
(Vicia sativa)
Red Clover Trifolium pratense
Red Clover
(Trifolium pratense)
Garden Lupin (Lupinus polyphyllus)
Garden Lupin
(Lupinus agg.)

Family Rosaceae: Roses

Meadowsweet Filipendula ulmaria
(Filipendula ulmaria)
Bramble Rubus fruticosus agg.
(Rubus fruticosus agg.)
Dog Rose Rosa canina
Dog Rose
(Rosa canina)
Silverweed Potentilla anserina
(Potentilla anserina)
Rasberry Rubus idaeus
(Rubus idaeus)

Family Cucurbitaceae: Cucurbits

White Bryony Bryonia dioica
White Bryony
(Bryonia dioica)

Family Violaceae: Violets

Field Pansy Viola arvensis
Field Pansy
(Viola arvensis)
Common Dog-violet Viola riviniana
Common Dog-violet
(Viola riviniana)

Family Geraniaceae: Geraniums

Herb Robert Geranium robertianum
Herb Robert
(Geranium robertianum)
Druce's Crane's-bill Geranium endressii x versicolor = G x oxonianum
Druce’s Crane’s-bill (Geranium endressii x versicolor = G x oxonianum)
Common Stork_s-bill Erodium cicutarium
Common Stork’s-bill
(Erodium cicutarium)
Hedgerow Crane's-Bill Geranium pyrenaicum
Hedgerow Crane’s-Bill
(Geranium pyrenaicum)

Family Onagraceae: Evening Primroses

Large-flowered Evening-primrose Oenothera glazioviana
Large-flowered Evening-primrose
(Oenothera glazioviana)
Rosebay Willowherb Chamerion angustifolium
Rosebay Willowherb
(Chamerion angustifolium)

Family Malvaceae: Mallows

Common Mallow Malva sylvestris
Common Mallow
(Malva sylvestris)
Musk Mallow Malva moschata
Musk Mallow
(Malva moschata)

Family Brassicaceae: Mustards

Wild Radish Raphanus raphanistrum
Wild Radish
(Raphanus raphanistrum)
Rape Brassica napus
Oil-seed Rape
(Brassica napus)
Cuckooflower Cardamine pratensis
(Cardamine pratensis)
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard
(Alliaria petiolata)
Hairy Bittercress Cardamine hirsuta
Hairy Bittercress
(Cardamine hirsuta)

Family Polygonaceae: Buckwheats

Redshank Persicaria maculosa
(Persicaria maculosa)
Japanese Knotweed Fallopia japonica

Japanese Knotweed
(Fallopia japonica)

Family Caryophyllaceae: Pinks

White Campion Silene latifolia
White Campion
(Silene latifolia)
Sea Campion
(Silene uniflora)
Pink Campion Silene x hampeana
Pink Campion
(Silene x hampeana)
Snow-in-summer Cerastium tomentosum
(Cerastium tomentosum)
Red Campion Silene dioica
Red Campion
(Silene dioica)

Family Balsaminaceae: Balsams

Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glandulifera)
Himalayan Balsam
(Impatiens glandulifera)

Family Primulaceae: Primroses

Primrose Primula vulgaris
(Primula vulgaris)
Primrose Primula
Cultivated Primrose
(Primula vulgaris) ‘Cult.’
Scarlet Pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis)
Scarlet Pimpernel
(Anagallis arvensis)

Family Boraginaceae: Borages

Green Alkanet Pentaglottis sempervirens
Green Alkanet
(Pentaglottis sempervirens)
Russian Comfrey Symphytum x uplandicum
Russian Comfrey
(Symphytum x uplandicum)
Wood Forget-me-not (Myosotis sylvatica)
Wood Forget-me-not
(Myosotis sylvatica)

Family Convolvulaceae: Bindweeds

Field Bindweed Convolvulus arvensis
Field Bindweed
(Convolvulus arvensis)

Family Plantaginaceae: Plantains

Foxglove Digitalis purpurea
(Digitalis purpurea)
Common Toadflax (Linaria vulgaris)
Common Toadflax
(Linaria vulgaris)
Gemander Speedwell Veronica chamaedrys
Gemander Speedwell
(Veronica chamaedrys)
Common Field-speedwell Veronica persica
Common Field-speedwell
(Veronica persica)

Family Lamiaceae: Mints

Red Dead-nettle Lamium purpureum
Red Dead-nettle
(Lamium purpureum)
Water Mint Mentha aquatica
Water Mint
(Mentha aquatica)
Variegated Yellow Archangel (Lamium galeobdolon subsp argentatum)
Variegated Yellow Archangel
(Lamium galeobdolon subsp. argentatum)
Skullcap Scutellaria galericulata
(Scutellaria galericulata)
Ground-ivy (Glechoma hederacea)
(Glechoma hederacea)
Selfheal Prunella vulgaris
(Prunella vulgaris)

Family Campanulaceae: Bellflowers

Nettle-leaved bellflower Campanula trachelium
Nettle-leaved bellflower
(Campanula trachelium)
Peach-leaved Bellflower Campanula persicifolia
Peach-leaved Bellflower
(Campanula persicifolia)
Trailing Bellflowe
Trailing Bellflower
(Campanula poscharskyana)

Family Araceae: Arums

Common Duckweed Lemna minor
Common Duckweed
(Lemna minor)

Family Asteraceae: Daisies

Daisy (Bellis perennis)
(Bellis perennis)
Dandelion Taraxacum officinale
(Taraxacum officinale agg.)
Oxeye daisy Leucanthemum vulgare
Oxeye Daisy
(Leucanthemum vulgare)
Fox-and-cubs Pilosella aurantiaca
(Pilosella aurantiaca)
Prickly Sow-thistle Sonchus asper
Prickly Sow-thistle
(Sonchus asper)
Common Ragwort (Senecio jacobaea)
Common Ragwort
(Senecio jacobaea)
Sicilian Chamomile Anthemis punctata ssp cupaniana
Sicilian Chamomile
(Anthemis punctata ssp. cupaniana)
Cat's-ear Hypochaeris radicata
(Hypochaeris radicata)
Lesser Burdock Arctium minus
Lesser Burdock
(Arctium minus)
Creeping Thistle Cirsium arvense
Creeping Thistle
(Cirsium arvense)
Spear Thistle Cirsium vulgare
Spear Thistle
(Cirsium vulgare)
Canadian Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)
Canadian Goldenrod
(Solidago canadensis)
Smooth Sow-thistle Sonchus oleraceus
Smooth Sow-thistle
(Sonchus oleraceus)

Family Valerianaceae: Valerians

Red Valerian (Centranthus ruber)
Red Valerian
(Centranthus ruber)

Family Dipsacaceae: Teasels

Dipsacus fullonum
Common Teasel
(Dipsacus fullonum)
Field Scabious Knautia arvensis
Field Scabious
(Knautia arvensis)

Family Apiaceae: Umbellifers

Wild Carrot Daucus carota
Wild Carrot
(Daucus carota)
Hogweed Heracleum sphondylium
(Heracleum sphondylium)
Cow Parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris)
Cow Parsley
(Anthriscus sylvestris)
Giant Hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum
Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum)
Sea Holly (Eryngium maritimum)
Sea Holly
(Eryngium maritimum)

Family Alismataceae: Water-plantains

Arrowhead Sagittaria sagittifolia
(Sagittaria sagittifolia)

Family Butomaceae: Flowering Rushes

Flowering Rush (Butomus umbellatus)
Flowering Rush
(Butomus umbellatus)

Family Orchidaceae: Orchids

Common Spotted-orchid Dactylorhiza fuchsii
Common Spotted-orchid
(Dactylorhiza fuchsii)

Family Iridaceae: Irises

Yellow Flag Iris Iris pseudacorus
Yellow Flag Iris
(Iris pseudacorus)
Spring Crocus Crocus vernus
Spring Crocus
(Crocus vernus)

Family Amaryllidaceae: Amaryllises

Snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis)
(Galanthus nivalis)
Grape Hyacinth Muscari armeniacum
Garden Grape-hyacinth
(Muscari armeniacum)
Bluebell Hyacinthoides non-scripta
(Hyacinthoides non-scripta)
Glory-of-the-snow Scilla forbesii
(Scilla forbesii)
Hybrid Bluebell Hyacinthoides x massartiana
Hybrid Bluebell
(Hyacinthoides x massartiana)
Cultivated Daffodil
(Narcissus agg.)

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