The Kestrel feeds on small mammals, especially voles, and also beetles, lizards, earthworms, and small birds. They nest on ledges on cliffs, in quarries, derelict buildings, high window ledges, abandoned crow’s nests or tree holes. They lay 4 to 6 eggs in 1 brood, March to July. They can live for up to 15 years.
Present all year, although some move south in colder winters. Often seen perched on telephone poles, wires or trees, or hovering over fields and roadside verges. Common around woodland and heaths. In the 1970s the Kestrel suffered a decline in numbers most likely due to changes in farming. Its has also been in decline in farmland in recent years.
Photograph of Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) taken March 2012, local wood, Staffordshire. © Pete Hillman 2012. Camera used Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ38.