Perch Perca fluviatilis


Perch Perca fluviatilis
Perch Perca fluviatilis

Class Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order Perciformes (Perches, basses & relatives)
Family Percidae (Perches)
Species Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus, 1758

Length up to 60 cm.
Weight up to 2.7 kg.

A distinctive fish with a greenish body and broad, dark vertical stripes. The pelvic, anal and caudal fins are red. The mouth lacks barbels and the jaw lacks teeth.

Perch spawns between April and June with no parental support. It spawns in shoals on hard surfaces. A predatory fish that hunts in shoals feeding on both invertebrates and fish, mainly sticklebacks, roach and minnows. It can live for up to 22 years.

Seen all year round in moving or standing freshwater habitats like lakes, rivers and canals. Common and widespread throughout Britain. A native species.

Local canal, South Staffordshire. © Peter Hillman.