Perch Perca fluviatilis 


Perch Perca fluviatilis

Discovered in local canal. 11th July 2020. © Peter Hillman

Family Percidae

Length up to 60 cm.
Weight up to 2.7 kg.

A distinctive fish with a greenish body and broad, dark vertical stripes. The pelvic, anal and caudal fins are red. The mouth lacks barbels and the jaw lacks teeth.

Perch spawns between April and June with no parental support. It spawns in shoals on hard surfaces. A predatory fish that hunts in shoals feeding on both invertebrates and fish, mainly sticklebacks, roach and minnows. It can live for up to 22 years.

Seen all year round, it is found in moving or standing freshwater habitats like lakes, rivers and canals. Common and widespread throughout Britain. A native species.