Order Lepidoptera – Butterflies


There are around 60 species of butterfly in the UK. Compared to the fast-flying, relatively dull coloured night-flying moths, we are all most familar with the brightly coloured and distinctly patterned butterflies seen laziliy fluttering around blooms in gardens or in flowery meadows. Like moths, butterflies have four stages in their life cycle. Eggs are laid by the female, the caterpillar/larva emerges and basically just eats. When ready it pupates, and within the pupa metamorphosis takes place where the caterpillar is magically transformed into a beautiful adult butterfly and takes to the air.


Family Nymphalidae (Nymphalids, Fritillaries & Browns)

Small Tortoiseshell (Aglais urticae)
Small Tortoiseshell
Aglais urticae
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta
Red Admiral
Vanessa atalanta
Speckled Wood (Pararge aegeria)
Speckled Wood
Pararge aegeria
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus
Gatekeeper
Pyronia tithonus
Peacock Butterfly (Inachis io)
Peacock Butterfly
Inachis io
Comma (Polygonia c-album)
Comma
Polygonia c-album
Meadow Brown (Maniola jurtina) male
Meadow Brown
Maniola jurtina male
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperantus
Ringlet
Aphantopus hyperantus
Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui)
Painted Lady
Vanessa cardui
Dark Green Fritillary Argynnis aglaja
Dark Green Fritillary
Argynnis aglaja
Meadow Brown (Maniola jurtina) female
Meadow Brown
Maniola jurtina female
Marbled White Melanargia galathea
Marbled White
Melanargia galathea

Family Pieridae (Whites & Yellows)

Orange-tip (Anthocharis cardamines) male
Orange-tip
Anthocharis cardamines male
Large White (Pieris brassicae) female
Large White
Pieris brassicae female
Small White (Pieris rapae) female
Small White
Pieris rapae female
Orange-tip Anthocharis cardamines female
Orange-tip
Anthocharis cardamines female
Large White (Pieris brassicae) male
Large White
Pieris brassicae male
Brimstone Butterfly (Gonepteryx rhamni)
Brimstone Butterfly
Gonepteryx rhamni
Green-veined White Pieris napi
Green-veined White
Pieris napi
Small White (Pieris rapae) male
Small White
Pieris rapae male

Family Hesperiidae (Skippers)

Large Skipper (Ochlodes venata) male
Large Skipper
Ochlodes venata
Small Skipper (Thymelicus sylvestris) female
Small Skipper
Thymelicus sylvestris
Essex Skipper Thymelicus lineola
Essex Skipper
Thymelicus lineola

Family Lycaenidae (Blues, Coppers & Hairstreaks)

Common Blue Polyommatus icarus
Common Blue
Polyommatus icarus male
Purple Hairstreak (Favonius quercus)
Purple Hairstreak
Favonius quercus
Common Blue (Polyommatus icarus) female
Common Blue
Polyommatus icarus female
Small Copper (Lycaena phlaeas)
Small Copper
Lycaena phlaeas
Holly Blue (Celastrina argiolus) female
Holly Blue
Celastrina argiolus