Order Diptera – True Flies


7,100 UK species, 1,490 genera, 109 families. This very succesful group of insects is the second largest order in Britain. They are easily recognised as they only have one pair of wings. As much as flies trouble us at our picnics buzzing around our heads and our food, as much as we revile them, they are intrinsically woven into the fabric of our lives, as they have been for many thousands of years. In forensic science they help establish a time of death. Some blowfly larvae from Lucilia sp. are used in maggot therapy to help cleanse wounds, removing necrotic tissue. The adults are very good pollinators. So here we have it in a buzz or two, despite some of their most horrible and terrible traits, there is a balance of where they do, do some good. Species are shown in their respective families below.


Marsh Snipefly Rhagio tringarius
Rhagionidae
Snipeflies
Common Awl Robberfly Neoitamus cyanurus
Asilidae
Robberflies
Common Dance Fly Empis tessellata
Empididae
Dance Flies
Cecidomyiidae
Gall Midges
Terellia tussilaginis
Tephritidae
Tephritid Flies
Common Yellow Dung Fly Scathophaga stercoraria
Scathophagidae
Dungflies
Fannia lustrator
Fanniidae
Lesser Houseflies
Flesh-fly
Sarcophagidae
Flesh Flies
Sciaridae
Black Fungus Gnats
Culicidae
Mosquitoes
Tipula lateralis female
Tipulidae
Long- palped Craneflies
Bee Fly (Bombylius major)
Bombyliidae
Bee-flies
Pellucid Fly Volucella pellucens
Syrphidae
Hoverflies
Dolichopodidae
Long-legged Flies
Conops vesicularis
Conopidae
Thick-headed Flies
Tricholauxania praeusta
Lauxaniidae
Lauxaniids
Anthomyiidae
Root-maggot Flies
European Blowfly Calliphora vicina
Calliphoridae
Blowflies
Tachina fera
Tachinidae
Tachinid Flies
Psychodidae
Moth flies
Window Gnat Sylvicola fenestralis
Anisopodidae
Wood Gnats
Therevidae
Stiletto Flies
Stratiomyidae
Soldierflies
Yellow Spear-winged Fly Lonchoptera lutea
Lonchopteridae
Spear-winged Flies
Agromyzidae
Leaf-miner Flies
Sepsidae
Ensign Flies
Phaonia subventa
Muscidae
Houseflies & Allies
Polleniidae
Clusterflies
St Mark's Fly Bibio marci male
Bibionidae
St Marks Flies
Black Fly Simulium sp.
Simuliidae
Blackflies
Chironomus
Chironomidae
Non-biting Midges

Larvae


Ceratopogonidae
Biting Midges