Lapwing – Vanellus vanellus

The Lapwing has a distinctive steep forehead from which sweeps a black cap which extends into a wispy crest. It has green back plumage glossed with purple and copper, and a white underbelly.

It feeds on insects, spiders and worms, often tapping it foot on the ground to attract its prey. It form a nest from a grass-lined hollow on the ground, and the female lays 3 to 4 eggs in 1 Brood from April to June. It can live for up to 10 years.

Seen all year round. Familiar to farmland, this distinctive bird is sadly declining due to changes in farming methods. It occurs on moors, riverside pastures, upland fields, farmland, estuaries and reservoirs. Flocks rest in tight groups, but are generally loosely scattered. The Lapwing has suffered significant declines in numbers recently, a 50 per cent drop in 10 years, which is thought to do with changes in agricultural practices. It is on the RSPB Red List.