This is a large, clump-forming fern of which its fronds remain green throughout the winter months and is semi-evergreen. The fronds are of an upright, slender nature, and bipinnately (2-times) divided. The pinnules have rounded tips and have serrated margins. The stalks have brownish scales. Frond length up to 1.2m. Plant height 1.2m. Plant spread 1m.
Spore ripening time August to November. Found in woodland, ditches, and on banks, favouring damp and shady areas. It is a common and widespread species throughout Britain.
Photographs of Male Fern (Dryopteris filix-mas), taken May and December 2012, local river, Staffordshire. © Pete Hillman 2012. Camera used Nikon Coolpix P500.